About 6 million Poles, or nearly 21.4% of the Polish population, died between 1939 and 1945 as a result of the occupation, half of whom were Poles of ethnic origin and the other half Polish Jews. More than 90% of the deaths were non-military casualties, as most civilians were targeted in various actions launched by the Germans and the Soviets.  In total, during the German occupation of pre-war Polish territory from 1939-1945, the Germans murdered 5,470,000 to 5,670,000 Poles, including 3,000,000 Jews in a genocide described as premeditated and systematic genocide during the Nuremberg trials.  In addition, the Soviets took advantage of ethnic tensions between Poland and other ethnic groups and called on minorities to “correct the injustices they had suffered during twenty years of Polish rule”.  Before the war, Poland was presented as a capitalist state based on the exploitation of the labour force and ethnic minorities. Soviet propaganda claimed that the unfair treatment of non-Poles by the Second Polish Republic justified their dismemberment. Soviet officials openly incited mobs to commit murders and robberies The number of victims of the first Soviet campaign of terror remains unknown. Poland had a large Jewish population and, according to Davies, more Jews were killed and saved in Poland than in any other country, with the number of rescues generally ranging from 100,000 to 150,000.  Thousands of Poles have been honored as righteous among the peoples – and form the largest national contingent.  When the secret services of the AK Home Army discovered the true fate of transportation that left the Jewish ghetto in late 1942, the Jewish Aid Council (Zegota) was established in collaboration with ecclesiastical groups. The organization has saved thousands of people. The emphasis was on the protection of children, as it was almost impossible to intervene directly against heavily guarded transport. The Germans implemented various laws to separate Poles and Jews in ghettos, Poles living on the Aryan side and Jews living on the “Jewish” side, and despite the risk of death, many Poles risked their lives forging “Aryan Papers” for Jews to make them appear as non-Jewish Poles.
, so that they could live on the Aryan side and avoid Nazi persecution.  Another law implemented by the Germans was that Poland was prohibited from buying in Jewish shops where, if they did, they were executed.  Jewish children were also divided between safe houses and church networks.  Jewish children were often placed in orphanages and convents.  Carl von Ossietzky revealed in 1931 the reality of German rearmament and his revelations won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1935, but he was imprisoned and tortured by the Nazis, where he died of tuberculosis in 1938.  According to Ossietzky`s revelations, the policy of rearmament in Britain intensified after Adolf Hitler withdrew Germany from the League of Nations and the World Conference on Disarmament in 1933.  Forced labourers have been subjected to severe discriminatory measures. On 8 March 1940, Polish decrees were proclaimed as the legal basis for foreign workers in Germany.  The decrees required Poles to wear purple P on their clothes, subjected them to curfews and prohibited them from using public transport, as well as many German “cultural centres” and “entertainment venues” (including churches and restaurants).   Sexual relations between the Germans and Poland were banned because of the death penalty.   To separate them from the German population, they were often placed in separate barracks behind barbed wire.  This convention, commonly referred to as the London Convention or the Nuremberg Charter, defined the procedures for prosecuting Nazi officials and created the International Military Tribunal (TM).