Method Of Agreement Necessary

In response to this objection, however, it can be pointed out, on the one hand, that much of the daily knowledge, and also much of the knowledge in the empirical sciences, is of causative contexts of this type, partly of individual cause-and-effect sequences and part of laws, in particular of the incomplete or complete form in which these methods arrive characteristically. One of the main characteristics of scientific methodology is verification and falsification. Remember J. 4 that an appeal is made to Dieun if we conclude for lack of evidence that something is the case or not. While there are times when a lack of evidence should lead to a judgment that the original claim is not substantiated (as in a criminal court), this is not the case in scientific practices. The simplest variants of the agreement method can only be used in cases where our prior knowledge narrowly limits the possible causes and justifies the belief that they will be sensitive. For example, if the character of a disease is bacterial, the microorganism responsible can be identified by discovering that only one type of microorganism, which is not already known as innocent, is present in a number of cases of the disease. Otherwise, observation of the only common factor in a number of cases of a phenomenon can only be used very timidly to suggest a hypothesis that needs to be tested in another way. Mills` methods are five methods of induction described by the philosopher John Stuart Mill in 1843 in his book A System of Logic.

[1] They must shed light on issues of causation. There are indeed valid methods, with hypotheses of a different nature, of the strictest nature, which requires that the actual cause be only one of the possible causes for itself, by those who gradually admit the denials, conjunctions and disjunctions of possible causes and combinations of these causes, to the least rigorous type of hypothesis that simply says that the real cause of these possible causes is constructed in one way or another. The most important authors who have tried to develop Mills` ideas on the logical side are W. E. Johnson, Logic (Cambridge, U.K., 1924), Part II, Ch. 10; C.