International Agreements On Human Rights

Under the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), states must take steps to eliminate discrimination against women and ensure that women enjoy, in a number of areas such as men, in the same way as men and evils such as men , including education, employment, health care and family life. The optional protocol establishes a claim mechanism. Founded in 1949, the Council of Europe is the oldest organisation working for European integration. It is an international organization with a recognized legal personality and observer status at the United Nations. The Council`s headquarters are in Strasbourg, France. Among the topics covered by the SCR are education, health care, juvenile justice and the rights of children with disabilities. During the SCR negotiations, the United States successfully proposed the inclusion of articles to prevent child abuse and protect freedom of religion, expression and association. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (USSR) is a statement of the UN General Assembly that does not create binding international human rights laws. Many legal experts point to the UDHR as evidence of a right of use of peoples. The European Convention on Human Rights has defined and guaranteed human rights and fundamental freedoms in Europe since 1950. [29] The 47 member states of the Council of Europe have all signed this convention and are therefore under the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg. [29] In order to prevent torture and inhuman or degrading treatment,[31] the Committee for the Prevention of Torture was established. [32] The Convention against Torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment (CAT) requires States Parties to prevent and punish acts of torture.

International human rights instruments can continue to be subdivided into global instruments in which any state in the world can participate and regional instruments limited to states in a given region of the world. Human rights protected by the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) are the right to vote, the right to freedom of association, the right to a fair trial, the right to privacy and the right to religious freedom. The first optional protocol at ICCPR establishes a mechanism for people who complain of violations of their rights. The second optional protocol concerns the abolition of the death penalty. International human rights law establishes obligations that states must respect. By becoming parties to international treaties, states are fulfilling international obligations and obligations to respect, protect and respect human rights. The obligation of respect means that States must refrain from intervening or restricting the exercise of human rights. The duty of protection obliges states to protect individuals and groups from human rights violations.

The obligation to comply implies that States must take positive steps to facilitate the enjoyment of fundamental human rights. The Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Punishment (CAT) aims to prevent torture worldwide. It calls on states to take steps to eliminate torture within their borders. And it prohibits states from sending a person to another country where they are at risk of torture. Critics of the SCR have expressed concern that its provisions undermine the rights of parents and allow the UN to dictate how parents should educate their children. However, the SKR continues to emphasize the importance, role and authority of parents in the management and guidance of their children.